History of Gallore State
Rajasthan has a great history since its origin as state of "Rajputana." It has been a state of known for bravery.
Rajasthan was formed on 30 March 1949, when all erstwhile princely states ruled by Rajputs, known as Rajputana, merged into the Dominion of India. The only difference between erstwhile Rajputana and Rajasthan is that certain portions governed directly by the British Raj, in the former province of Ajmer-Merwara, were included. Portions lying geographically outside of Rajputana such as the Tonk state were given to Madhya Pradesh.
Rajasthan is home to many courageous heroes, admired for their courage, strength and determined struggles. A few popular heroes are Bappa Rawal, Rana Sangha, Pratap Singh and Prithviraj Chauhan.
Each city has its own exclusive history.
Jaipur is named after its founder, the warrior and astronomer sovereign, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (ruled 1688 to 1744). The decision to move out of his hilltop capital Amer was also compelled by reasons of growing population and paucity of water. Moreover in the early 17th century the power of the great Mughals was dwindling with its aging Monarch Aurangzeb. After several centuries of invasions the north was now quiet and the wealth of the kingdom had considerably increased. Seizing upon this opportune time, Jai Singh planned his new capital in the plains. Jaipur is a corroborative evidence of Sawai Jai Singh's strong grounding in science and astrology and of a Bengali architect Vidyadhar with a strong instinct for planning.
Jodhpur was founded by Rao Jodha Singh, the leader of the Rathore clan, in 1459 AD. The mammoth, imposing fortress (Meherangarh) has a landscape dominating a rocky ridge with the eight gates leading out of fortress. The new city is outside the structure.
The Rathores enjoyed good relations with the Mughals. Maharaja Jaswant Singh (1678) supported Shah Jahan in the latter's war of succession. The relations with the Mughals soured during the reign of Aurangzeb who launched a crusade against the Hindus, made preparations to bring the state of Marwar under his control, ordered demotion of temples and revival of Jeziya. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out the Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar.
Udaipur was founded by Rana Udai Singh. It was the capital of the Rajput kingdom of Mewar, ruled by Ranawats of the Sisodia clan. The The ancient capital of Mewar was Chittor or Chittorgarh, located on the BanasRiver northeast of Udaipur. Legend has it that Maharana Udai Singh came upon a hermit while hunting in the foothills of the AravalliRange. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot and it would be well protected. Udai Singh established a residence there. Udaipur remained the capital of the state, which became a princely state of British India in 1818. After India's Independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Udaipur acceded to the Government of India, and Mewar was integrated into India's Rajasthan state.
Bikaner- The history dates back to 1486 when a Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji founded his kingdom. Bikaji was one of the five sons of Rao Jodhaji the illustrious founder of Jodhpur. But Rao Bikaji was the most adventurous of them. It is said that an insensitive remark from his father about his whispering in the Durbar provoked Bikaji to set up his own kingdom towards the north of Jodhpur. The barren wilderness called Jangladesh became his focal point and he transformed it into an impressive city. He accomplished this task with 100 cavalry horses and 500 soldiers, and established his kingdom on 84 villages abandoned by the 'Shankhlas'. When Bikaji died in 1504 his rule had extended to over 3000 villages.
Ajmer was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major centre of the Chauhan power till 1193 A.D. Then Prithvi Raj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghori, after which Ajmer became home to many dynasties. Today, Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage centre for the Muslims as well as Hindus. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-tomb of the Sufi saint KhwajaMoinuddinChisti, which is equally revered both by the Hindus and the Muslims. Ajmer is a centre of culture and education. The British chose Ajmer for its prestigious MayoCollege, a school exclusively for Indian nobility at one time. However, now it is one of the best public schools in the country. Ajmer is also the base for visiting Pushkar (14 km.) which has the distinction of having the only Brahma temple in the world.
History of Rajasthan is amazing and so is that of the institutions there.
SMS Medical College, established in 1947 and located in Jaipur, is the oldest and premier medical college of Rajasthan state, India.
Sarder Patel Medical College, Bikaner is a medical college located in Bikaner in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was established in 1959 and was Rajasthan's second Medical college.
RNT(Rabindra Nath Tagore) Medical College ,Udaipur is a medical college situated in Udaipur city in Rajasthan state in India. It was set up in 1962.The building in which it was started was donated by HH ex-Maharana of udaipur.
Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur is the medical college situated in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan state in India. It was established in the year 1965.
Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Ajmer is a medical college located in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. It was established in 1965. There are 100 seats approved for MBBS and 51 seats for postgraduate course.